1820 Settler Party : Erith
|Number in the Party||120|
|Area Party originated from||Surrey, England|
|Area allocated to the party||New Botany Bay on the Kaffir Kraal River|
|1820 Settler Ship||Brilliant,|
|Surnames in party||Allen, Clover, Dry, Erith, Hughes, Kemp, Moody, Pankhurst, Ralph, Reader, Robinson, Shepherd, Strutt, Tyler, Unknown, Whittle,|
|Other Information||A party of 120 from Surrey led by James ERITH sailed in "Brilliant". They were located on land then forming part of the Bathurst Commonage on the bank of the Torrens River but were shortly moved to the location at the Kaffir Kraal River source rejected by DAMANT's party. They named it New Botany Bay. The party had dispersed by 1823 and the Government resumed the land. It is now called Botany.
|Settler Handbook Content:||No. 46 on the Colonial Department list, led by James Thomas Erith, a baker of 2 Bardon Place, Peckham, Surrey (now part of Greater London). Erith had made an earlier application in January 1819 to take settlers to the Cape in partnership with Thomas Beale; a scheme that fell through, according to Beale, primarily because of Erith's bad faith. Shortly after the announcement of the Cape emigration scheme, John Deer of the Admiralty Office wrote to the Colonial Department on Erith's behalf to explain that he had withdrawn from the earlier proposal because Beale's debts had made it too risky a speculation, and he hoped this would not prejudice his chances of selection under the new scheme. With this letter was a list of Erith's proposed party, comprising his own family and two married and seven single men, all from Minster, Isle of Sheppey, Kent. (Erith himself was a Kentishman.) Only three names from this list - Erith himself, his cousin Robert Robinson, and John Pankhurst - were in the final sailing list of the party, and it has not been established whether the seven substitutes for the men who dropped out were also recruited in Minster.
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